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AJ ALMENDINGER

glimpse into the future of Roblox

Our vision to bring the world together through play has never been more relevant than it is now. As our founder and CEO, David Baszucki (a.k.a. Builderman), mentioned in his keynote, more and more people are using Roblox to stay connected with their friends and loved ones. He hinted at a future where, with our automatic machine translation technology, Roblox will one day act as a universal translator, enabling people from different cultures and backgrounds to connect and learn from each other.
During his keynote, Builderman also elaborated upon our vision to build the Metaverse; the future of avatar creation on the platform (infinitely customizable avatars that allow any body, any clothing, and any animation to come together seamlessly); more personalized game discovery; and simulating large social gatherings (like concerts, graduations, conferences, etc.) with tens of thousands of participants all in one server. We’re still very early on in this journey, but if these past five months have shown us anything, it’s clear that there is a growing need for human co-experience platforms like Roblox that allow people to play, create, learn, work, and share experiences together in a safe, civil 3D immersive space.
Up next, our VP of Developer Relations, Matt Curtis (a.k.a. m4rrh3w), shared an update on all the things we’re doing to continue empowering developers to create innovative and exciting content through collaboration, support, and expertise. He also highlighted some of the impressive milestones our creator community has achieved since last year’s RDC. Here are a few key takeaways:
And lastly, our VP of Engineering, Technology, Adam Miller (a.k.a. rbadam), unveiled a myriad of cool and upcoming features developers will someday be able to sink their teeth into. We saw a glimpse of procedural skies, skinned meshes, more high-quality materials, new terrain types, more fonts in Studio, a new asset type for in-game videos, haptic feedback on mobile, real-time CSG operations, and many more awesome tools that will unlock the potential for even bigger, more immersive experiences on Roblox.

Vibin’

Despite the virtual setting, RDC just wouldn’t have been the same without any fun party activities and networking opportunities. So, we invited special guests DJ Hyper Potions and cyber mentalist Colin Cloud for some truly awesome, truly mind-bending entertainment. Yoga instructor Erin Gilmore also swung by to inspire attendees to get out of their chair and get their body moving. And of course, we even had virtual rooms dedicated to karaoke and head-to-head social games, like trivia and Pictionary.
Over on the networking side, Team Adopt Me, Red Manta, StyLiS Studios, and Summit Studios hosted a virtual booth for attendees to ask questions, submit resumes, and more. We also had a networking session where three participants would be randomly grouped together to get to know each other.

What does Roblox mean to you?

We all know how talented the Roblox community is from your creations. We’ve heard plenty of stories over the years about how Roblox has touched your lives, how you’ve made friendships, learned new skills, or simply found a place where you can be yourself. We wanted to hear more. So, we asked attendees: What does Roblox mean to you? How has Roblox connected you? How has Roblox changed your life? Then, over the course of RDC, we incorporated your responses into this awesome mural.
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Created by Alece Birnbach at Graphic Recording Studio

Knowledge is power

This year’s breakout sessions included presentations from Roblox developers and staff members on the latest game development strategies, a deep dive into the Roblox engine, learning how to animate with Blender, tools for working together in teams, building performant game worlds, and the new Creator Dashboard. Dr. Michael Rich, Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School and Physician at Boston Children’s Hospital, also led attendees through a discussion on mental health and how to best take care of you and your friends’ emotional well-being, especially now during these challenging times.
📷
Making the Dream Work with Teamwork (presented by Roblox developer Myzta)
In addition to our traditional Q&A panel with top product and engineering leaders at Roblox, we also held a special session with Builderman himself to answer the community’s biggest questions.
📷
Roblox Product and Engineering Q&A Panel

2020 Game Jam

The Game Jam is always one of our favorite events of RDC. It’s a chance for folks to come together, flex their development skills, and come up with wildly inventive game ideas that really push the boundaries of what’s possible on Roblox. We had over 60 submissions this year—a new RDC record.
Once again, teams of up to six people from around the world had less than 24 hours to conceptualize, design, and publish a game based on the theme “2020 Vision,” all while working remotely no less! To achieve such a feat is nothing short of awe-inspiring, but as always, our dev community was more than up for the challenge. I’ve got to say, these were some of the finest creations we’ve seen.
WINNERS
Best in Show: Shapescape Created By: GhettoMilkMan, dayzeedog, maplestick, theloudscream, Brick_man, ilyannna You awaken in a strange laboratory, seemingly with no way out. Using a pair of special glasses, players must solve a series of anamorphic puzzles and optical illusions to make their escape.
Excellence in Visual Art: agn●sia Created By: boatbomber, thisfall, Elttob An obby experience unlike any other, this game is all about seeing the world through a different lens. Reveal platforms by switching between different colored lenses and make your way to the end.
Most Creative Gameplay: Visions of a perspective reality Created By: Noble_Draconian and Spathi Sometimes all it takes is a change in perspective to solve challenges. By switching between 2D and 3D perspectives, players can maneuver around obstacles or find new ways to reach the end of each level.
Outstanding Use of Tech: The Eyes of Providence Created By: Quenty, Arch_Mage, AlgyLacey, xJennyBeanx, Zomebody, Crykee This action/strategy game comes with a unique VR twist. While teams fight to construct the superior monument, two VR players can support their minions by collecting resources and manipulating the map.
Best Use of Theme: Sticker Situation Created By: dragonfrosting and Yozoh Set in a mysterious art gallery, players must solve puzzles by manipulating the environment using a magic camera and stickers. Snap a photograph, place down a sticker, and see how it changes the world.
OTHER TOP PICKS
HONORABLE MENTIONS
For the rest of the 2020 Game Jam submissions, check out the list below:
20-20 Vision | 20/20 Vision | 2020 Vision, A Crazy Perspective | 2020 Vision: Nyon | A Wild Trip! | Acuity | Best Year Ever | Better Half | Bloxlabs | Climb Stairs to 2021 | Double Vision (Team hey apple) | Eyebrawl | Eyeworm Exam | FIRE 2020 | HACKED | Hyperspective | Lucid Scream | Mystery Mansion | New Years at the Museum | New Year’s Bash | Poor Vision | Predict 2020 | RBC News | Retrovertigo | Second Wave | see no evil | Sight Fight | Sight Stealers | Spectacles Struggle | Specter Spectrum | Survive 2020 | The Lost Chicken Leg | The Outbreak | The Spyglass | Time Heist | Tunnel Vision | Virtual RDC – The Story | Vision (Team Freepunk) | Vision (Team VIP People ####) | Vision Developers Conference 2020 | Vision Is Key | Vision Perspective | Vision Racer | Visions | Zepto
And last but not least, we wanted to give a special shout out to Starboard Studios. Though they didn’t quite make it on time for our judges, we just had to include Dave’s Vision for good measure. 📷
Thanks to everyone who participated in the Game Jam, and congrats to all those who took home the dub in each of our categories this year. As the winners of Best in Show, the developers of Shapescape will have their names forever engraved on the RDC Game Jam trophy back at Roblox HQ. Great work!

‘Til next year

And that about wraps up our coverage of the first-ever digital RDC. Thanks to all who attended! Before we go, we wanted to share a special “behind the scenes” video from the 2020 RDC photoshoot.
Check it out:
It was absolutely bonkers. Getting 350 of us all in one server was so much fun and really brought back the feeling of being together with everyone again. That being said, we can’t wait to see you all—for real this time—at RDC next year. It’s going to be well worth the wait. ‘Til we meet again, my friends.
© 2020 Roblox Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Improving Simulation and Performance with an Advanced Physics Solver

August

05, 2020

by chefdeletat
PRODUCT & TECH
📷In mid-2015, Roblox unveiled a major upgrade to its physics engine: the Projected Gauss-Seidel (PGS) physics solver. For the first year, the new solver was optional and provided improved fidelity and greater performance compared to the previously used spring solver.
In 2016, we added support for a diverse set of new physics constraints, incentivizing developers to migrate to the new solver and extending the creative capabilities of the physics engine. Any new places used the PGS solver by default, with the option of reverting back to the classic solver.
We ironed out some stability issues associated with high mass differences and complex mechanisms by the introduction of the hybrid LDL-PGS solver in mid-2018. This made the old solver obsolete, and it was completely disabled in 2019, automatically migrating all places to the PGS.
In 2019, the performance was further improved using multi-threading that splits the simulation into jobs consisting of connected islands of simulating parts. We still had performance issues related to the LDL that we finally resolved in early 2020.
The physics engine is still being improved and optimized for performance, and we plan on adding new features for the foreseeable future.

Implementing the Laws of Physics

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The main objective of a physics engine is to simulate the motion of bodies in a virtual environment. In our physics engine, we care about bodies that are rigid, that collide and have constraints with each other.
A physics engine is organized into two phases: collision detection and solving. Collision detection finds intersections between geometries associated with the rigid bodies, generating appropriate collision information such as collision points, normals and penetration depths. Then a solver updates the motion of rigid bodies under the influence of the collisions that were detected and constraints that were provided by the user.
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The motion is the result of the solver interpreting the laws of physics, such as conservation of energy and momentum. But doing this 100% accurately is prohibitively expensive, and the trick to simulating it in real-time is to approximate to increase performance, as long as the result is physically realistic. As long as the basic laws of motion are maintained within a reasonable tolerance, this tradeoff is completely acceptable for a computer game simulation.

Taking Small Steps

The main idea of the physics engine is to discretize the motion using time-stepping. The equations of motion of constrained and unconstrained rigid bodies are very difficult to integrate directly and accurately. The discretization subdivides the motion into small time increments, where the equations are simplified and linearized making it possible to solve them approximately. This means that during each time step the motion of the relevant parts of rigid bodies that are involved in a constraint is linearly approximated.
📷📷
Although a linearized problem is easier to solve, it produces drift in a simulation containing non-linear behaviors, like rotational motion. Later we’ll see mitigation methods that help reduce the drift and make the simulation more plausible.

Solving

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Having linearized the equations of motion for a time step, we end up needing to solve a linear system or linear complementarity problem (LCP). These systems can be arbitrarily large and can still be quite expensive to solve exactly. Again the trick is to find an approximate solution using a faster method. A modern method to approximately solve an LCP with good convergence properties is the Projected Gauss-Seidel (PGS). It is an iterative method, meaning that with each iteration the approximate solution is brought closer to the true solution, and its final accuracy depends on the number of iterations.
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This animation shows how a PGS solver changes the positions of the bodies at each step of the iteration process, the objective being to find the positions that respect the ball and socket constraints while preserving the center of mass at each step (this is a type of positional solver used by the IK dragger). Although this example has a simple analytical solution, it’s a good demonstration of the idea behind the PGS. At each step, the solver fixes one of the constraints and lets the other be violated. After a few iterations, the bodies are very close to their correct positions. A characteristic of this method is how some rigid bodies seem to vibrate around their final position, especially when coupling interactions with heavier bodies. If we don’t do enough iterations, the yellow part might be left in a visibly invalid state where one of its two constraints is dramatically violated. This is called the high mass ratio problem, and it has been the bane of physics engines as it causes instabilities and explosions. If we do too many iterations, the solver becomes too slow, if we don’t it becomes unstable. Balancing the two sides has been a painful and long process.

Mitigation Strategies

📷A solver has two major sources of inaccuracies: time-stepping and iterative solving (there is also floating point drift but it’s minor compared to the first two). These inaccuracies introduce errors in the simulation causing it to drift from the correct path. Some of this drift is tolerable like slightly different velocities or energy loss, but some are not like instabilities, large energy gains or dislocated constraints.
Therefore a lot of the complexity in the solver comes from the implementation of methods to minimize the impact of computational inaccuracies. Our final implementation uses some traditional and some novel mitigation strategies:
  1. Warm starting: starting with the solution from a previous time-step to increase the convergence rate of the iterative solver
  2. Post-stabilization: reprojecting the system back to the constraint manifold to prevent constraint drift
  3. Regularization: adding compliance to the constraints ensuring a solution exists and is unique
  4. Pre-conditioning: using an exact solution to a linear subsystem, improving the stability of complex mechanisms
Strategies 1, 2 and 3 are pretty traditional, but 3 has been improved and perfected by us. Also, although 4 is not unheard of, we haven’t seen any practical implementation of it. We use an original factorization method for large sparse constraint matrices and a new efficient way of combining it with the PGS. The resulting implementation is only slightly slower compared to pure PGS but ensures that the linear system coming from equality constraints is solved exactly. Consequently, the equality constraints suffer only from drift coming from the time discretization. Details on our methods are contained in my GDC 2020 presentation. Currently, we are investigating direct methods applied to inequality constraints and collisions.

Getting More Details

Traditionally there are two mathematical models for articulated mechanisms: there are reduced coordinate methods spearheaded by Featherstone, that parametrize the degrees of freedom at each joint, and there are full coordinate methods that use a Lagrangian formulation.
We use the second formulation as it is less restrictive and requires much simpler mathematics and implementation.
The Roblox engine uses analytical methods to compute the dynamic response of constraints, as opposed to penalty methods that were used before. Analytics methods were initially introduced in Baraff 1989, where they are used to treat both equality and non-equality constraints in a consistent manner. Baraff observed that the contact model can be formulated using quadratic programming, and he provided a heuristic solution method (which is not the method we use in our solver).
Instead of using force-based formulation, we use an impulse-based formulation in velocity space, originally introduced by Mirtich-Canny 1995 and further improved by Stewart-Trinkle 1996, which unifies the treatment of different contact types and guarantees the existence of a solution for contacts with friction. At each timestep, the constraints and collisions are maintained by applying instantaneous changes in velocities due to constraint impulses. An excellent explanation of why impulse-based simulation is superior is contained in the GDC presentation of Catto 2014.
The frictionless contacts are modeled using a linear complementarity problem (LCP) as described in Baraff 1994. Friction is added as a non-linear projection onto the friction cone, interleaved with the iterations of the Projected Gauss-Seidel.
The numerical drift that introduces positional errors in the constraints is resolved using a post-stabilization technique using pseudo-velocities introduced by Cline-Pai 2003. It involves solving a second LCP in the position space, which projects the system back to the constraint manifold.
The LCPs are solved using a PGS / Impulse Solver popularized by Catto 2005 (also see Catto 2009). This method is iterative and considers each individual constraints in sequence and resolves it independently. Over many iterations, and in ideal conditions, the system converges to a global solution.
Additionally, high mass ratio issues in equality constraints are ironed out by preconditioning the PGS using the sparse LDL decomposition of the constraint matrix of equality constraints. Dense submatrices of the constraint matrix are sparsified using a method we call Body Splitting. This is similar to the LDL decomposition used in Baraff 1996, but allows more general mechanical systems, and solves the system in constraint space. For more information, you can see my GDC 2020 presentation.
The architecture of our solver follows the idea of Guendelman-Bridson-Fedkiw, where the velocity and position stepping are separated by the constraint resolution. Our time sequencing is:
  1. Advance velocities
  2. Constraint resolution in velocity space and position space
  3. Advance positions
This scheme has the advantage of integrating only valid velocities, and limiting latency in external force application but allowing a small amount of perceived constraint violation due to numerical drift.
An excellent reference for rigid body simulation is the book Erleben 2005 that was recently made freely available. You can find online lectures about physics-based animation, a blog by Nilson Souto on building a physics engine, a very good GDC presentation by Erin Catto on modern solver methods, and forums like the Bullet Physics Forum and GameDev which are excellent places to ask questions.

In Conclusion

The field of game physics simulation presents many interesting problems that are both exciting and challenging. There are opportunities to learn a substantial amount of cool mathematics and physics and to use modern optimizations techniques. It’s an area of game development that tightly marries mathematics, physics and software engineering.
Even if Roblox has a good rigid body physics engine, there are areas where it can be improved and optimized. Also, we are working on exciting new projects like fracturing, deformation, softbody, cloth, aerodynamics and water simulation.
Neither Roblox Corporation nor this blog endorses or supports any company or service. Also, no guarantees or promises are made regarding the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information contained in this blog.
This blog post was originally published on the Roblox Tech Blog.
© 2020 Roblox Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Using Clang to Minimize Global Variable Use

July

23, 2020

by RandomTruffle
PRODUCT & TECH
Every non-trivial program has at least some amount of global state, but too much can be a bad thing. In C++ (which constitutes close to 100% of Roblox’s engine code) this global state is initialized before main() and destroyed after returning from main(), and this happens in a mostly non-deterministic order. In addition to leading to confusing startup and shutdown semantics that are difficult to reason about (or change), it can also lead to severe instability.
Roblox code also creates a lot of long-running detached threads (threads which are never joined and just run until they decide to stop, which might be never). These two things together have a very serious negative interaction on shutdown, because long-running threads continue accessing the global state that is being destroyed. This can lead to elevated crash rates, test suite flakiness, and just general instability.
The first step to digging yourself out of a mess like this is to understand the extent of the problem, so in this post I’m going to talk about one technique you can use to gain visibility into your global startup flow. I’m also going to discuss how we are using this to improve stability across the entire Roblox game engine platform by decreasing our use of global variables.

Introducing -finstrument-functions

Nothing excites me more than learning about a new obscure compiler option that I’ve never had a use for before, so I was pretty happy when a colleague pointed me to this option in the Clang Command Line Reference. I’d never used it before, but it sounded very cool. The idea being that if we could get the compiler to tell us every time it entered and exited a function, we could filter this information through a symbolizer of some kind and generate a report of functions that a) occur before main(), and b) are the very first function in the call-stack (indicating it’s a global).
Unfortunately, the documentation basically just tells you that the option exists with no mention of how to use it or if it even actually does what it sounds like it does. There’s also two different options that sound similar to each other (-finstrument-functions and -finstrument-functions-after-inlining), and I still wasn’t entirely sure what the difference was. So I decided to throw up a quick sample on godbolt to see what happened, which you can see here. Note there are two assembly outputs for the same source listing. One uses the first option and the other uses the second option, and we can compare the assembly output to understand the differences. We can gather a few takeaways from this sample:
  1. The compiler is injecting calls to __cyg_profile_func_enter and __cyg_profile_func_exit inside of every function, inline or not.
  2. The only difference between the two options occurs at the call-site of an inline function.
  3. With -finstrument-functions, the instrumentation for the inlined function is inserted at the call-site, whereas with -finstrument-functions-after-inlining we only have instrumentation for the outer function. This means that when using-finstrument-functions-after-inlining you won’t be able to determine which functions are inlined and where.
Of course, this sounds exactly like what the documentation said it did, but sometimes you just need to look under the hood to convince yourself.
To put all of this another way, if we want to know about calls to inline functions in this trace we need to use -finstrument-functions because otherwise their instrumentation is silently removed by the compiler. Sadly, I was never able to get -finstrument-functions to work on a real example. I would always end up with linker errors deep in the Standard C++ Library which I was unable to figure out. My best guess is that inlining is often a heuristic, and this can somehow lead to subtle ODR (one-definition rule) violations when the optimizer makes different inlining decisions from different translation units. Luckily global constructors (which is what we care about) cannot possibly be inlined anyway, so this wasn’t a problem.
I suppose I should also mention that I still got tons of linker errors with -finstrument-functions-after-inlining as well, but I did figure those out. As best as I can tell, this option seems to imply –whole-archive linker semantics. Discussion of –whole-archive is outside the scope of this blog post, but suffice it to say that I fixed it by using linker groups (e.g. -Wl,–start-group and -Wl,–end-group) on the compiler command line. I was a bit surprised that we didn’t get these same linker errors without this option and still don’t totally understand why. If you happen to know why this option would change linker semantics, please let me know in the comments!

Implementing the Callback Hooks

If you’re astute, you may be wondering what in the world __cyg_profile_func_enter and __cyg_profile_func_exit are and why the program is even successfully linking in the first without giving undefined symbol reference errors, since the compiler is apparently trying to call some function we’ve never defined. Luckily, there are some options that allow us to see inside the linker’s algorithm so we can find out where it’s getting this symbol from to begin with. Specifically, -y should tell us how the linker is resolving . We’ll try it with a dummy program first and a symbol that we’ve defined ourselves, then we’ll try it with __cyg_profile_func_enter .
[email protected]:~/src/sandbox$ cat instr.cpp int main() {} [email protected]:~/src/sandbox$ clang++-9 -fuse-ld=lld -Wl,-y -Wl,main instr.cpp /usbin/../lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/crt1.o: reference to main /tmp/instr-5b6c60.o: definition of main
No surprises here. The C Runtime Library references main(), and our object file defines it. Now let’s see what happens with __cyg_profile_func_enter and -finstrument-functions-after-inlining.
[email protected]:~/src/sandbox$ clang++-9 -fuse-ld=lld -finstrument-functions-after-inlining -Wl,-y -Wl,__cyg_profile_func_enter instr.cpp /tmp/instr-8157b3.o: reference to __cyg_profile_func_enter /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6: shared definition of __cyg_profile_func_enter
Now, we see that libc provides the definition, and our object file references it. Linking works a bit differently on Unix-y platforms than it does on Windows, but basically this means that if we define this function ourselves in our cpp file, the linker will just automatically prefer it over the shared library version. Working godbolt link without runtime output is here. So now you can kind of see where this is going, however there are still a couple of problems left to solve.
  1. We don’t want to do this for a full run of the program. We want to stop as soon as we reach main.
  2. We need a way to symbolize this trace.
The first problem is easy to solve. All we need to do is compare the address of the function being called to the address of main, and set a flag indicating we should stop tracing henceforth. (Note that taking the address of main is undefined behavior[1], but for our purposes it gets the job done, and we aren’t shipping this code, so ¯\_(ツ)_/¯). The second problem probably deserves a little more discussion though.

Symbolizing the Traces

In order to symbolize these traces, we need two things. First, we need to store the trace somewhere on persistent storage. We can’t expect to symbolize in real time with any kind of reasonable performance. You can write some C code to save the trace to some magic filename, or you can do what I did and just write it to stderr (this way you can pipe stderr to some file when you run it).
Second, and perhaps more importantly, for every address we need to write out the full path to the module the address belongs to. Your program loads many shared libraries, and in order to translate an address into a symbol, we have to know which shared library or executable the address actually belongs to. In addition, we have to be careful to write out the address of the symbol in the file on disk. When your program is running, the operating system could have loaded it anywhere in memory. And if we’re going to symbolize it after the fact we need to make sure we can still reference it after the information about where it was loaded in memory is lost. The linux function dladdr() gives us both pieces of information we need. A working godbolt sample with the exact implementation of our instrumentation hooks as they appear in our codebase can be found here.

Putting it All Together

Now that we have a file in this format saved on disk, all we need to do is symbolize the addresses. addr2line is one option, but I went with llvm-symbolizer as I find it more robust. I wrote a Python script to parse the file and symbolize each address, then print it in the same “visual” hierarchical format that the original output file is in. There are various options for filtering the resulting symbol list so that you can clean up the output to include only things that are interesting for your case. For example, I filtered out any globals that have boost:: in their name, because I can’t exactly go rewrite boost to not use global variables.
The script isn’t as simple as you would think, because simply crawling each line and symbolizing it would be unacceptably slow (when I tried this, it took over 2 hours before I finally killed the process). This is because the same address might appear thousands of times, and there’s no reason to run llvm-symbolizer against the same address multiple times. So there’s a lot of smarts in there to pre-process the address list and eliminate duplicates. I won’t discuss the implementation in more detail because it isn’t super interesting. But I’ll do even better and provide the source!
So after all of this, we can run any one of our internal targets to get the call tree, run it through the script, and then get output like this (actual output from a Roblox process, source file information removed):
excluded_symbols = [‘.\boost.*’]* excluded_modules = [‘/usr.\’]* /uslib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libLLVM-9.so.1: 140 unique addresses InterestingRobloxProcess: 38928 unique addresses /uslib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libstdc++.so.6: 1 unique addresses /uslib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc++.so.1: 3 unique addresses Printing call tree with depth 2 for 29276 global variables. __cxx_global_var_init.5 (InterestingFile1.cpp:418:22) RBX::InterestingRobloxClass2::InterestingRobloxClass2() (InterestingFile2.cpp.:415:0) __cxx_global_var_init.19 (InterestingFile2.cpp:183:34) (anonymous namespace)::InterestingRobloxClass2::InterestingRobloxClass2() (InterestingFile2.cpp:171:0) __cxx_global_var_init.274 (InterestingFile3.cpp:2364:33) RBX::InterestingRobloxClass3::InterestingRobloxClass3()
So there you have it: the first half of the battle is over. I can run this script on every platform, compare results to understand what order our globals are actually initialized in in practice, then slowly migrate this code out of global initializers and into main where it can be deterministic and explicit.

Future Work

It occurred to me sometime after implementing this that we could make a general purpose profiling hook that exposed some public symbols (dllexport’ed if you speak Windows), and allowed a plugin module to hook into this dynamically. This plugin module could filter addresses using whatever arbitrary logic that it was interested in. One interesting use case I came up for this is that it could look up the debug information, check if the current address maps to the constructor of a function local static, and write out the address if so. This effectively allows us to gain a deeper understanding of the order in which our lazy statics are initialized. The possibilities are endless here.

Further Reading

If you’re interested in this kind of thing, I’ve collected a couple of my favorite references for this kind of topic.
  1. Various: The C++ Language Standard
  2. Matt Godbolt: The Bits Between the Bits: How We Get to main()
  3. Ryan O’Neill: Learning Linux Binary Analysis
  4. Linkers and Loaders: John R. Levine
  5. https://eel.is/c++draft/basic.exec#basic.start.main-3
Neither Roblox Corporation nor this blog endorses or supports any company or service. Also, no guarantees or promises are made regarding the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information contained in this blog.
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A Complete Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List for Hackers & Security Professionals

A Complete Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List for Hackers & Security Professionals

https://i.redd.it/7hvs58an33e41.gif
Penetration testing & Hacking Tools are more often used by security industries to test the vulnerabilities in network and applications. Here you can find the Comprehensive Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list that covers Performing Penetration testing Operation in all the Environment. Penetration testing and ethical hacking tools are a very essential part of every organization to test the vulnerabilities and patch the vulnerable system.
Also, Read What is Penetration Testing? How to do Penetration Testing?
Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools ListOnline Resources – Hacking ToolsPenetration Testing Resources
Exploit Development
OSINT Resources
Social Engineering Resources
Lock Picking Resources
Operating Systems
Hacking ToolsPenetration Testing Distributions
  • Kali – GNU/Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing Hacking Tools
  • ArchStrike – Arch GNU/Linux repository for security professionals and enthusiasts.
  • BlackArch – Arch GNU/Linux-based distribution with best Hacking Tools for penetration testers and security researchers.
  • Network Security Toolkit (NST) – Fedora-based bootable live operating system designed to provide easy access to best-of-breed open source network security applications.
  • Pentoo – Security-focused live CD based on Gentoo.
  • BackBox – Ubuntu-based distribution for penetration tests and security assessments.
  • Parrot – Distribution similar to Kali, with multiple architectures with 100 of Hacking Tools.
  • Buscador – GNU/Linux virtual machine that is pre-configured for online investigators.
  • Fedora Security Lab – provides a safe test environment to work on security auditing, forensics, system rescue, and teaching security testing methodologies.
  • The Pentesters Framework – Distro organized around the Penetration Testing Execution Standard (PTES), providing a curated collection of utilities that eliminates often unused toolchains.
  • AttifyOS – GNU/Linux distribution focused on tools useful during the Internet of Things (IoT) security assessments.
Docker for Penetration Testing
Multi-paradigm Frameworks
  • Metasploit – post-exploitation Hacking Tools for offensive security teams to help verify vulnerabilities and manage security assessments.
  • Armitage – Java-based GUI front-end for the Metasploit Framework.
  • Faraday – Multiuser integrated pentesting environment for red teams performing cooperative penetration tests, security audits, and risk assessments.
  • ExploitPack – Graphical tool for automating penetration tests that ships with many pre-packaged exploits.
  • Pupy – Cross-platform (Windows, Linux, macOS, Android) remote administration and post-exploitation tool,
Vulnerability Scanners
  • Nexpose – Commercial vulnerability and risk management assessment engine that integrates with Metasploit, sold by Rapid7.
  • Nessus – Commercial vulnerability management, configuration, and compliance assessment platform, sold by Tenable.
  • OpenVAS – Free software implementation of the popular Nessus vulnerability assessment system.
  • Vuls – Agentless vulnerability scanner for GNU/Linux and FreeBSD, written in Go.
Static Analyzers
  • Brakeman – Static analysis security vulnerability scanner for Ruby on Rails applications.
  • cppcheck – Extensible C/C++ static analyzer focused on finding bugs.
  • FindBugs – Free software static analyzer to look for bugs in Java code.
  • sobelow – Security-focused static analysis for the Phoenix Framework.
  • bandit – Security oriented static analyzer for Python code.
Web Scanners
  • Nikto – Noisy but fast black box web server and web application vulnerability scanner.
  • Arachni – Scriptable framework for evaluating the security of web applications.
  • w3af – Hacking Tools for Web application attack and audit framework.
  • Wapiti – Black box web application vulnerability scanner with built-in fuzzer.
  • SecApps – In-browser web application security testing suite.
  • WebReaver – Commercial, graphical web application vulnerability scanner designed for macOS.
  • WPScan – Hacking Tools of the Black box WordPress vulnerability scanner.
  • cms-explorer – Reveal the specific modules, plugins, components and themes that various websites powered by content management systems are running.
  • joomscan – one of the best Hacking Tools for Joomla vulnerability scanner.
  • ACSTIS – Automated client-side template injection (sandbox escape/bypass) detection for AngularJS.
Network Tools
  • zmap – Open source network scanner that enables researchers to easily perform Internet-wide network studies.
  • nmap – Free security scanner for network exploration & security audits.
  • pig – one of the Hacking Tools forGNU/Linux packet crafting.
  • scanless – Utility for using websites to perform port scans on your behalf so as not to reveal your own IP.
  • tcpdump/libpcap – Common packet analyzer that runs under the command line.
  • Wireshark – Widely-used graphical, cross-platform network protocol analyzer.
  • Network-Tools.com – Website offering an interface to numerous basic network utilities like ping, traceroute, whois, and more.
  • netsniff-ng – Swiss army knife for network sniffing.
  • Intercepter-NG – Multifunctional network toolkit.
  • SPARTA – Graphical interface offering scriptable, configurable access to existing network infrastructure scanning and enumeration tools.
  • dnschef – Highly configurable DNS proxy for pentesters.
  • DNSDumpster – one of the Hacking Tools for Online DNS recon and search service.
  • CloudFail – Unmask server IP addresses hidden behind Cloudflare by searching old database records and detecting misconfigured DNS.
  • dnsenum – Perl script that enumerates DNS information from a domain, attempts zone transfers, performs a brute force dictionary style attack and then performs reverse look-ups on the results.
  • dnsmap – One of the Hacking Tools for Passive DNS network mapper.
  • dnsrecon – One of the Hacking Tools for DNS enumeration script.
  • dnstracer – Determines where a given DNS server gets its information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers.
  • passivedns-client – Library and query tool for querying several passive DNS providers.
  • passivedns – Network sniffer that logs all DNS server replies for use in a passive DNS setup.
  • Mass Scan – best Hacking Tools for TCP port scanner, spews SYN packets asynchronously, scanning the entire Internet in under 5 minutes.
  • Zarp – Network attack tool centered around the exploitation of local networks.
  • mitmproxy – Interactive TLS-capable intercepting HTTP proxy for penetration testers and software developers.
  • Morpheus – Automated ettercap TCP/IP Hacking Tools .
  • mallory – HTTP/HTTPS proxy over SSH.
  • SSH MITM – Intercept SSH connections with a proxy; all plaintext passwords and sessions are logged to disk.
  • Netzob – Reverse engineering, traffic generation and fuzzing of communication protocols.
  • DET – Proof of concept to perform data exfiltration using either single or multiple channel(s) at the same time.
  • pwnat – Punches holes in firewalls and NATs.
  • dsniff – Collection of tools for network auditing and pentesting.
  • tgcd – Simple Unix network utility to extend the accessibility of TCP/IP based network services beyond firewalls.
  • smbmap – Handy SMB enumeration tool.
  • scapy – Python-based interactive packet manipulation program & library.
  • Dshell – Network forensic analysis framework.
  • Debookee – Simple and powerful network traffic analyzer for macOS.
  • Dripcap – Caffeinated packet analyzer.
  • Printer Exploitation Toolkit (PRET) – Tool for printer security testing capable of IP and USB connectivity, fuzzing, and exploitation of PostScript, PJL, and PCL printer language features.
  • Praeda – Automated multi-function printer data harvester for gathering usable data during security assessments.
  • routersploit – Open source exploitation framework similar to Metasploit but dedicated to embedded devices.
  • evilgrade – Modular framework to take advantage of poor upgrade implementations by injecting fake updates.
  • XRay – Network (sub)domain discovery and reconnaissance automation tool.
  • Ettercap – Comprehensive, mature suite for machine-in-the-middle attacks.
  • BetterCAP – Modular, portable and easily extensible MITM framework.
  • CrackMapExec – A swiss army knife for pentesting networks.
  • impacket – A collection of Python classes for working with network protocols.
Wireless Network Hacking Tools
  • Aircrack-ng – Set of Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list for auditing wireless networks.
  • Kismet – Wireless network detector, sniffer, and IDS.
  • Reaver – Brute force attack against Wifi Protected Setup.
  • Wifite – Automated wireless attack tool.
  • Fluxion – Suite of automated social engineering-based WPA attacks.
Transport Layer Security Tools
  • SSLyze – Fast and comprehensive TLS/SSL configuration analyzer to help identify security misconfigurations.
  • tls_prober – Fingerprint a server’s SSL/TLS implementation.
  • testssl.sh – Command-line tool which checks a server’s service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as some cryptographic flaws.
Web Exploitation
  • OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) – Feature-rich, scriptable HTTP intercepting proxy and fuzzer for penetration testing web applications.
  • Fiddler – Free cross-platform web debugging proxy with user-friendly companion tools.
  • Burp Suite – One of the Hacking Tools ntegrated platform for performing security testing of web applications.
  • autochrome – Easy to install a test browser with all the appropriate settings needed for web application testing with native Burp support, from NCCGroup.
  • Browser Exploitation Framework (BeEF) – Command and control server for delivering exploits to commandeered Web browsers.
  • Offensive Web Testing Framework (OWTF) – Python-based framework for pentesting Web applications based on the OWASP Testing Guide.
  • WordPress Exploit Framework – Ruby framework for developing and using modules which aid in the penetration testing of WordPress powered websites and systems.
  • WPSploit – Exploit WordPress-powered websites with Metasploit.
  • SQLmap – Automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • tplmap – Automatic server-side template injection and Web server takeover Hacking Tools.
  • weevely3 – Weaponized web shell.
  • Wappalyzer – Wappalyzer uncovers the technologies used on websites.
  • WhatWeb – Website fingerprinter.
  • BlindElephant – Web application fingerprinter.
  • wafw00f – Identifies and fingerprints Web Application Firewall (WAF) products.
  • fimap – Find, prepare, audit, exploit and even google automatically for LFI/RFI bugs.
  • Kadabra – Automatic LFI exploiter and scanner.
  • Kadimus – LFI scan and exploit tool.
  • liffy – LFI exploitation tool.
  • Commix – Automated all-in-one operating system command injection and exploitation tool.
  • DVCS Ripper – Rip web-accessible (distributed) version control systems: SVN/GIT/HG/BZR.
  • GitTools – One of the Hacking Tools that Automatically find and download Web-accessible .git repositories.
  • sslstrip –One of the Hacking Tools Demonstration of the HTTPS stripping attacks.
  • sslstrip2 – SSLStrip version to defeat HSTS.
  • NoSQLmap – Automatic NoSQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • VHostScan – A virtual host scanner that performs reverse lookups, can be used with pivot tools, detect catch-all scenarios, aliases, and dynamic default pages.
  • FuzzDB – Dictionary of attack patterns and primitives for black-box application fault injection and resource discovery.
  • EyeWitness – Tool to take screenshots of websites, provide some server header info, and identify default credentials if possible.
  • webscreenshot – A simple script to take screenshots of the list of websites.
Hex Editors
  • HexEdit.js – Browser-based hex editing.
  • Hexinator – World’s finest (proprietary, commercial) Hex Editor.
  • Frhed – Binary file editor for Windows.
  • 0xED – Native macOS hex editor that supports plug-ins to display custom data types.
File Format Analysis Tools
  • Kaitai Struct – File formats and network protocols dissection language and web IDE, generating parsers in C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby.
  • Veles – Binary data visualization and analysis tool.
  • Hachoir – Python library to view and edit a binary stream as the tree of fields and tools for metadata extraction.
read more https://oyeitshacker.blogspot.com/2020/01/penetration-testing-hacking-tools.html
submitted by icssindia to HowToHack [link] [comments]

A Complete Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List for Hackers & Security Professionals

A Complete Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List for Hackers & Security Professionals

penetration-testing-hacking-tools
Penetration testing & Hacking Tools are more often used by security industries to test the vulnerabilities in network and applications. Here you can find the Comprehensive Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list that covers Performing Penetration testing Operation in all the Environment. Penetration testing and ethical hacking tools are a very essential part of every organization to test the vulnerabilities and patch the vulnerable system.
Also, Read What is Penetration Testing? How to do Penetration Testing?
Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools ListOnline Resources – Hacking ToolsPenetration Testing Resources
Exploit Development
OSINT Resources
Social Engineering Resources
Lock Picking Resources
Operating Systems
Hacking ToolsPenetration Testing Distributions
  • Kali – GNU/Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing Hacking Tools
  • ArchStrike – Arch GNU/Linux repository for security professionals and enthusiasts.
  • BlackArch – Arch GNU/Linux-based distribution with best Hacking Tools for penetration testers and security researchers.
  • Network Security Toolkit (NST) – Fedora-based bootable live operating system designed to provide easy access to best-of-breed open source network security applications.
  • Pentoo – Security-focused live CD based on Gentoo.
  • BackBox – Ubuntu-based distribution for penetration tests and security assessments.
  • Parrot – Distribution similar to Kali, with multiple architectures with 100 of Hacking Tools.
  • Buscador – GNU/Linux virtual machine that is pre-configured for online investigators.
  • Fedora Security Lab – provides a safe test environment to work on security auditing, forensics, system rescue, and teaching security testing methodologies.
  • The Pentesters Framework – Distro organized around the Penetration Testing Execution Standard (PTES), providing a curated collection of utilities that eliminates often unused toolchains.
  • AttifyOS – GNU/Linux distribution focused on tools useful during the Internet of Things (IoT) security assessments.
Docker for Penetration Testing
Multi-paradigm Frameworks
  • Metasploit – post-exploitation Hacking Tools for offensive security teams to help verify vulnerabilities and manage security assessments.
  • Armitage – Java-based GUI front-end for the Metasploit Framework.
  • Faraday – Multiuser integrated pentesting environment for red teams performing cooperative penetration tests, security audits, and risk assessments.
  • ExploitPack – Graphical tool for automating penetration tests that ships with many pre-packaged exploits.
  • Pupy – Cross-platform (Windows, Linux, macOS, Android) remote administration and post-exploitation tool,
Vulnerability Scanners
  • Nexpose – Commercial vulnerability and risk management assessment engine that integrates with Metasploit, sold by Rapid7.
  • Nessus – Commercial vulnerability management, configuration, and compliance assessment platform, sold by Tenable.
  • OpenVAS – Free software implementation of the popular Nessus vulnerability assessment system.
  • Vuls – Agentless vulnerability scanner for GNU/Linux and FreeBSD, written in Go.
Static Analyzers
  • Brakeman – Static analysis security vulnerability scanner for Ruby on Rails applications.
  • cppcheck – Extensible C/C++ static analyzer focused on finding bugs.
  • FindBugs – Free software static analyzer to look for bugs in Java code.
  • sobelow – Security-focused static analysis for the Phoenix Framework.
  • bandit – Security oriented static analyzer for Python code.
Web Scanners
  • Nikto – Noisy but fast black box web server and web application vulnerability scanner.
  • Arachni – Scriptable framework for evaluating the security of web applications.
  • w3af – Hacking Tools for Web application attack and audit framework.
  • Wapiti – Black box web application vulnerability scanner with built-in fuzzer.
  • SecApps – In-browser web application security testing suite.
  • WebReaver – Commercial, graphical web application vulnerability scanner designed for macOS.
  • WPScan – Hacking Tools of the Black box WordPress vulnerability scanner.
  • cms-explorer – Reveal the specific modules, plugins, components and themes that various websites powered by content management systems are running.
  • joomscan – one of the best Hacking Tools for Joomla vulnerability scanner.
  • ACSTIS – Automated client-side template injection (sandbox escape/bypass) detection for AngularJS.
Network Tools
  • zmap – Open source network scanner that enables researchers to easily perform Internet-wide network studies.
  • nmap – Free security scanner for network exploration & security audits.
  • pig – one of the Hacking Tools forGNU/Linux packet crafting.
  • scanless – Utility for using websites to perform port scans on your behalf so as not to reveal your own IP.
  • tcpdump/libpcap – Common packet analyzer that runs under the command line.
  • Wireshark – Widely-used graphical, cross-platform network protocol analyzer.
  • Network-Tools.com – Website offering an interface to numerous basic network utilities like ping, traceroute, whois, and more.
  • netsniff-ng – Swiss army knife for network sniffing.
  • Intercepter-NG – Multifunctional network toolkit.
  • SPARTA – Graphical interface offering scriptable, configurable access to existing network infrastructure scanning and enumeration tools.
  • dnschef – Highly configurable DNS proxy for pentesters.
  • DNSDumpster – one of the Hacking Tools for Online DNS recon and search service.
  • CloudFail – Unmask server IP addresses hidden behind Cloudflare by searching old database records and detecting misconfigured DNS.
  • dnsenum – Perl script that enumerates DNS information from a domain, attempts zone transfers, performs a brute force dictionary style attack and then performs reverse look-ups on the results.
  • dnsmap – One of the Hacking Tools for Passive DNS network mapper.
  • dnsrecon – One of the Hacking Tools for DNS enumeration script.
  • dnstracer – Determines where a given DNS server gets its information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers.
  • passivedns-client – Library and query tool for querying several passive DNS providers.
  • passivedns – Network sniffer that logs all DNS server replies for use in a passive DNS setup.
  • Mass Scan – best Hacking Tools for TCP port scanner, spews SYN packets asynchronously, scanning the entire Internet in under 5 minutes.
  • Zarp – Network attack tool centered around the exploitation of local networks.
  • mitmproxy – Interactive TLS-capable intercepting HTTP proxy for penetration testers and software developers.
  • Morpheus – Automated ettercap TCP/IP Hacking Tools .
  • mallory – HTTP/HTTPS proxy over SSH.
  • SSH MITM – Intercept SSH connections with a proxy; all plaintext passwords and sessions are logged to disk.
  • Netzob – Reverse engineering, traffic generation and fuzzing of communication protocols.
  • DET – Proof of concept to perform data exfiltration using either single or multiple channel(s) at the same time.
  • pwnat – Punches holes in firewalls and NATs.
  • dsniff – Collection of tools for network auditing and pentesting.
  • tgcd – Simple Unix network utility to extend the accessibility of TCP/IP based network services beyond firewalls.
  • smbmap – Handy SMB enumeration tool.
  • scapy – Python-based interactive packet manipulation program & library.
  • Dshell – Network forensic analysis framework.
  • Debookee – Simple and powerful network traffic analyzer for macOS.
  • Dripcap – Caffeinated packet analyzer.
  • Printer Exploitation Toolkit (PRET) – Tool for printer security testing capable of IP and USB connectivity, fuzzing, and exploitation of PostScript, PJL, and PCL printer language features.
  • Praeda – Automated multi-function printer data harvester for gathering usable data during security assessments.
  • routersploit – Open source exploitation framework similar to Metasploit but dedicated to embedded devices.
  • evilgrade – Modular framework to take advantage of poor upgrade implementations by injecting fake updates.
  • XRay – Network (sub)domain discovery and reconnaissance automation tool.
  • Ettercap – Comprehensive, mature suite for machine-in-the-middle attacks.
  • BetterCAP – Modular, portable and easily extensible MITM framework.
  • CrackMapExec – A swiss army knife for pentesting networks.
  • impacket – A collection of Python classes for working with network protocols.
Wireless Network Hacking Tools
  • Aircrack-ng – Set of Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list for auditing wireless networks.
  • Kismet – Wireless network detector, sniffer, and IDS.
  • Reaver – Brute force attack against Wifi Protected Setup.
  • Wifite – Automated wireless attack tool.
  • Fluxion – Suite of automated social engineering-based WPA attacks.
Transport Layer Security Tools
  • SSLyze – Fast and comprehensive TLS/SSL configuration analyzer to help identify security misconfigurations.
  • tls_prober – Fingerprint a server’s SSL/TLS implementation.
  • testssl.sh – Command-line tool which checks a server’s service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as some cryptographic flaws.
Web Exploitation
  • OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) – Feature-rich, scriptable HTTP intercepting proxy and fuzzer for penetration testing web applications.
  • Fiddler – Free cross-platform web debugging proxy with user-friendly companion tools.
  • Burp Suite – One of the Hacking Tools ntegrated platform for performing security testing of web applications.
  • autochrome – Easy to install a test browser with all the appropriate settings needed for web application testing with native Burp support, from NCCGroup.
  • Browser Exploitation Framework (BeEF) – Command and control server for delivering exploits to commandeered Web browsers.
  • Offensive Web Testing Framework (OWTF) – Python-based framework for pentesting Web applications based on the OWASP Testing Guide.
  • WordPress Exploit Framework – Ruby framework for developing and using modules which aid in the penetration testing of WordPress powered websites and systems.
  • WPSploit – Exploit WordPress-powered websites with Metasploit.
  • SQLmap – Automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • tplmap – Automatic server-side template injection and Web server takeover Hacking Tools.
  • weevely3 – Weaponized web shell.
  • Wappalyzer – Wappalyzer uncovers the technologies used on websites.
  • WhatWeb – Website fingerprinter.
  • BlindElephant – Web application fingerprinter.
  • wafw00f – Identifies and fingerprints Web Application Firewall (WAF) products.
  • fimap – Find, prepare, audit, exploit and even google automatically for LFI/RFI bugs.
  • Kadabra – Automatic LFI exploiter and scanner.
  • Kadimus – LFI scan and exploit tool.
  • liffy – LFI exploitation tool.
  • Commix – Automated all-in-one operating system command injection and exploitation tool.
  • DVCS Ripper – Rip web-accessible (distributed) version control systems: SVN/GIT/HG/BZR.
  • GitTools – One of the Hacking Tools that Automatically find and download Web-accessible .git repositories.
  • sslstrip –One of the Hacking Tools Demonstration of the HTTPS stripping attacks.
  • sslstrip2 – SSLStrip version to defeat HSTS.
  • NoSQLmap – Automatic NoSQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • VHostScan – A virtual host scanner that performs reverse lookups, can be used with pivot tools, detect catch-all scenarios, aliases, and dynamic default pages.
  • FuzzDB – Dictionary of attack patterns and primitives for black-box application fault injection and resource discovery.
  • EyeWitness – Tool to take screenshots of websites, provide some server header info, and identify default credentials if possible.
  • webscreenshot – A simple script to take screenshots of the list of websites.
Hex Editors
  • HexEdit.js – Browser-based hex editing.
  • Hexinator – World’s finest (proprietary, commercial) Hex Editor.
  • Frhed – Binary file editor for Windows.
  • 0xED – Native macOS hex editor that supports plug-ins to display custom data types.
File Format Analysis Tools
  • Kaitai Struct – File formats and network protocols dissection language and web IDE, generating parsers in C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby.
  • Veles – Binary data visualization and analysis tool.
  • Hachoir – Python library to view and edit a binary stream as the tree of fields and tools for metadata extraction.
read more https://oyeitshacker.blogspot.com/2020/01/penetration-testing-hacking-tools.html
submitted by icssindia to Hacking_Tutorials [link] [comments]

Groestlcoin June 2020 Release Notes!

Groestlcoin June 2020 Release

As 2020 continues to unravel with people worried about their health, livelihoods, jobs and general way of life, one thing at least can remain constant - Groestlcoin's release schedule. We at the core Groestlcoin team really hope everyone is doing well and coping with what 2020 is throwing at us all. For anything to change in this world, major and seemingly dramatic change and chaos unfortunately needs to first ensue but rest assured everyone will come out of 2020 much stronger people! The Groestlcoin team have been working on a vast amount of new technology during these uncertain periods which we would like to share with you today.
Groestlcoin Core 19.1
The full list of changes in Groestlcoin Core 19.1 are too long to list here so we won't bore those who do not want to see every slight change here. For that, please go to https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/blob/2.19.1/doc/release-notes/release-notes-2.19.1.md. Instead we will list a general list of changes here. We recommend upgrading to this version if you are running a full node yourself.

How to Upgrade?

Windows

If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), then run the installer.

OSX

If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), run the dmg and drag Groestlcoin Core to Applications. Users running macOS Catalina need to "right-click" and then choose "Open" to open the Groestlcoin Core .dmg.

Downloads

Download the Windows Installer (64 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-win64-setup-unsigned.exe
Download the Windows binaries (64 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-win64.zip
Download the OSX Installer here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-osx-unsigned.dmg
Download the OSX binaries here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-osx64.tar.gz
Download the Linux binaries (64 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-x86\_64-linux-gnu.tar.gz
Download the Linux binaries (32 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-i686-pc-linux-gnu.tar.gz
Download the ARM Linux binaries (64 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-aarch64-linux-gnu.tar.gz
Download the ARM Linux binaries (32 bit) here: https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin/releases/download/v2.19.1/groestlcoin-2.19.1-arm-linux-gnueabihf.tar.gz
Linux Snapcraft: https://snapcraft.io/groestlcoin-core
Linux Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.groestlcoin.groestlcoin-qt

Source code:

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin
Zeus GRS iOS Wallet Release
Zeus GRS: A mobile Groestlcoin app for Lightning Network Daemon (LND) node operators.
To use Zeus, you must have a running Lightning Network Daemon (LND). You must provide Zeus GRS with your node's hostname, port number, and the LND macaroon you choose to use (hex format).
If you're running a Unix-based operating system (eg. macOS, Linux) you can run xxd -ps -u -c 1000 /path/to/admin.macaroon to generate your macaroon in hex format.

Features:

• Scan LNDconnect functionality
• Dark and light theme
• Option to lock app with a pin
• Open Source
• Connect to your node - Zeus GRS let's users connect to their existing Lightning node, allowing them to send, receive and manage their channels.
• Multiple Wallets - Zeus GRS allows users to create and control as many wallets as they'd like.

Download Link

https://apps.apple.com/us/app/zeus-grs/id1501565324

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/zeus
HODL GRS iOS Wallet Release
HODL GRS connects directly to the Groestlcoin network using SPV mode, and doesn't rely on servers that can be hacked or disabled.
HODL GRS utilises AES hardware encryption, app sandboxing, and the latest security features to protect users from malware, browser security holes, and even physical theft. Private keys are stored only in the secure enclave of the user's phone, inaccessible to anyone other than the user.
Simplicity and ease-of-use is HODL GRS's core design principle. A simple recovery phrase (which we call a Backup Recovery Key) is all that is needed to restore the user's wallet if they ever lose or replace their device. HODL GRS is deterministic, which means the user's balance and transaction history can be recovered just from the backup recovery key.

Features

• Simplified payment verification for fast mobile performance
• No server to get hacked or go down
• Single backup phrase that works forever
• Private keys never leave your device
• Import password protected paper wallets
• Payment protocol payee identity certification
• Apple Watch support
This application is licensed under MIT. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to this app, no compensation will be given. Use this app solely at your own risk.

Download from the Apple App Store

https://apps.apple.com/us/app/hodl-grs/id1502310881

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/hodl-wallet-ios
GRS BlueWallet for iOS and Android Released
GRS Bluewallet is a thin client for Groestlcoin built with React Native and Electrum-GRS.

Features

• Multi-currency, Supporting more than 20 FIAT currencies.
• SegWit - SegWit enabled by default
• Full encryption - On top of the phone multi-layer encryption, GRS Bluewallet can encrypt everything with an added password. Biometric security (touch ID, Face ID) is not safe, so you will have an additional password to encrypt your wallet instead.
• Plausible deniability - A custom made feature thinking about your personal security. GRS Bluewallet allows you to define a different password which will decrypt a fake wallet set up. For any situation you are forced to disclose your access or when you don't want or you can't show your real wallet.
• Open Source under the MIT License.
• Watch-only wallets - Watch-only wallets allows you to keep an eye on your cold storage without touching your private key. Easily import your address or xpub and watch it from your app without ever touching it.
• Lightning Wallets - Wallets with support for the Lightning Network Protocol. Unfairly cheap and fast transactions. You can send, receive and refill your wallets.
• Bump and Cancel transactions - Ability to bump and cancel sent transactions with "Replace-by-fee" (RBF) and ability to Bump received transactions with "Child-pays-for-parent" (CPFP) on Native Segwit wallets (bech32/BIP84).
• Plug-in your Groestlcoin Full node new - Ability to plug-in your own Groestlcoin Full node through Electrum Personal Server (EPS), ElectrumX or Electrs. Don't trust, verify for a maximum sovereignty.
This application is under MIT license. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to this app, no compensation will be given. Use this app solely at your own risk.

Download from the Apple App Store

https://apps.apple.com/us/app/grs-bluewallet/id1518766083

Download from the Google Play Store

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.groestlcoin.bluewallet

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/bluewallet
GRS Lightning Wallet Released
GRS Lightning: An easy-to-use cross-platform Groestlcoin Lightning wallet
GRS lightning leverages Neutrino to give users a lightweight option to control their own funds, as opposed to running a full node or trusting a third party to play custodian.
Features
• A User Experience for Everyone
• Fully Non-Custodial with LND
• Powered by Neutrino and Autopilot
• Open Source

Nota bene

This is still early technology and there's a risk of losing all of your funds. We recommend not putting in more money than you are willing to lose.
Using the same mnemonic seed between installations or device is not recommended.
Keep the app open till its fully synced, this will take a WHILE.

Download the OSX Wallet

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning-app/releases/download/v0.5.9-alpha-grs/lightning-app-grs-darwin-x64v0.5.9-alpha-grs.dmg

Download the Linux Installer

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning-app/releases/download/v0.5.9-alpha-grs/lightning-app-grs-linux-x86\_64v0.5.9-alpha-grs.AppImage

Download the Windows Installer

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning-app/releases/download/v0.5.9-alpha-grs/lighting-app-grs-win32v0.5.9-alpha-grs.exe

Download from the Google Play Store (Android)

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.groestlcoin.LightningApp

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning-app
GRS LND for Wordpress
GRS LND for GRS is a WordPress plugin for managing & using your GRS LND node directly from your WordPress administration panel.

Features

• Provides a fully functional wallet interface, allowing you to send and receive funds across the Lightning Network with ease.
• The user interface is responsive and will adapt to fit any web enabled desktop, tablet or mobile device.
• You can search the Lightning Network graph, manage peer connections and open & close channels with ease.
• The plugin has QR support, enabling basic encoding & decoding of QR codes.
• GRS LND For WP also adds a number of WordPress 'short codes', allowing you to embed LND functionality directly in your website pages and posts.

Installation

GRS LND For WP can be installed directly from WordPress. Simply navigate to the 'Plugins -> Add New' page and search for 'GRS LND For WP'. You can also view GRS LND For WP on the WordPress.org Plugin Directory
To install the plugin manually using source code from this repository:
Download the latest plugin release from this repository.
Browse to the 'Plugins -> Add New' page of your WordPress admin panel.
Click the 'Upload Plugin' button, select 'Browse' and choose the release .zip that you downloaded in step 1.
Press 'Install Now'.
On the next screen, press the 'Activate' button to turn on the plugin.
You're done. You should now see the 'GRS LND For WP' link on your WP admin navigation menu.

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/grs-lnd-for-wp
GRS Unstoppable Wallet - Android MainNet and TestNet
Unstoppable GRS is open source non-custodial fully decentralised wallet.
The engineering process behind this wallet is radically driven by libertarian principles. Exclusive control over what is yours.

Features

• Control your crypto - Unstoppable GRS is a non-custodial wallet. The private keys never leave your phone.
• Keep your crypto safe - When you enable the lock code on your phone's operating system, no one will be able to access your wallet funds even if your phone is stolen or lost. In case of a device loss, Unstoppable GRS makes it easy to restore your wallet on another device.
• Be independently unstoppable - Unstoppable GRS was engineered to remain online and fully-functional indefinitely. Transfer Groestlcoins regardless of local government regulations. No entity can stop you from sending or receiving crypto or force Unstoppable GRS to stop working. Finally, you have a secure crypto wallet to spend Groestlcoin, and send & receive crypto.
• Stay private - With Unstoppable GRS you are connecting directly to decentralised blockchains without any restrictions or intermediaries. Only you can see your assets. There are no accounts, emails, phone numbers, identity checks, or third-party servers storing any private data.
This application is under MIT license. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to this app, no compensation will be given. Use this app solely at your own risk.

Download from the Google Play Store

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.groestlcoin.unstoppable

Download TestNet version from the Google Play Store

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.groestlcoin.unstoppable.testnet

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/unstoppable-wallet-android
Groestlcoin Esplora Block Explorer Released (Mainnet and Testnet!)
Groestlcoin Esplora is an open-source Groestlcoin blockchain explorer. This JSON over RESTful API provides you with a convenient, powerful and simple way to read data from the Groestlcoin network and build your own services with it.

Features

• Explore blocks, transactions and addresses
• Support for Segwit and Bech32 addresses
• Shows previous output and spending transaction details
• Quick-search for txid, address, block hash or height by navigating to /<query>
• Advanced view with script hex/assembly, witness data, outpoints and more
• Mobile-ready responsive design
• Translated to 17 languages
• Light and dark themes
• Noscript support
• Transaction broadcast support
• QR scanner
• API support
Groestlcoin Esplora is licensed under MIT. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to Esplora, no compensation will be given. Use Groestlcoin Esplora solely at your own risk.

Groestlcoin Esplora is available via https://esplora.groestlcoin.org/

Esplora Testnet is available via https://esplora-test.groestlcoin.org/

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/esplora
Groestlcoin WebWallet updated to v1.5
Webwallet is a playground for Groestlcoin in javascript to experiment with. It supports multisig, OP_HODL, RBF and many more. Groestlcoin believes strongly in privacy, the live version does not collect and store IP or transaction data.

Changelog 1.5

• Custom HD key derivation added
• Added Esplora support
Live version available at https://www.groestlcoin.org/webwallet. But it is recommended to download the webwallet offline and run it on your pc. Open index.html to get started. The built-in wallet can be used with any (non) existing mail address and any password.
This application is licensed under MIT. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to this app, no compensation will be given. Use this app solely at your own risk.

Warning:

Remember the mail address and password you used otherwise you will lose your funds.

Download the Groestlcoin Webwallet

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/webwallet/archive/master.zip

Live Web Wallet Version

https://www.groestlcoin.org/webwallet

Source code

https://github.com/groestlcoin/webwallet
Groestlcoin LND Updated to v0.10
The Lightning Network Daemon (LND) is a complete implementation of a Lightning Network node.
Lnd has several pluggable back-end chain services including grsd (a full-node), groestlcoind, and neutrino (a new experimental light client). The project's codebase uses the grssuite set of Groestlcoin libraries, and also exports a large set of isolated re-usable Lightning Network related libraries within it.

Changes

• Macaroon Bakery
• Multi-Path Payments
• Weakness Addressed by MPP
• Single-Shot MPP Payments by Default
• Custom Onion-Tunneled TLV Payment Metadata Records
• New Payment Type: keysend
• First-Class Rebalancing via Circular Payments to Self
• Local balance check
• Privacy Enhancement
• Validate Sorted Uncompressed Short Channel IDs
• Add payment_secret to BOLT 11 Payment Requests
• Cross-Implementation Protocol Compatibility Fixes
• Decoupled Min HTLC Settings
• Option Upfront Shutdown Support
• Sweep Small Outputs
• Autopilot External Score Trigger
• Channel Fitness Tracking
• Pathfinding Improvements
• Deeper Feature Bit Inspection
• Updates to Default gRPC Settings
• Uniform lncli Hex-Encoding
• Updates to QueryRoutes
• New RPC Calls
• Default unsafe-disconnect Setting and Deprecation
• Peer to Peer Gossip
• Invoice Handling
• Channel State Machine
• On-Chain Contract Handling
• Architectural Changes
• Multi-Path Payments Sending Support
• Payment tracking
• Lifted Invoice Limit
• PSBT Funding
• Anchor commitment format
• Watchtowers tor support

Download the OSX Version

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lnd/releases/download/v0.10.0-grs/lnd-darwin-amd64-v0.10.0-grs.tar.gz

Download the Windows Version

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lnd/releases/download/v0.10.0-grs/lnd-windows-amd64-v0.10.0-grs.zip

Download the Linux Version

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lnd/releases/download/v0.10.0-grs/lnd-linux-amd64-v0.10.0-grs.tar.gz

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lnd/
Groestlcoin Eclair Updated to v 0.3.3.0
Groestlcoin Eclair (French for Lightning) is a Scala implementation of the Lightning Network. It can run with or without a GUI, and a JSON API is also available.
Groestlcoin Eclair requires Groestlcoin Core 2.17.1 or higher. If you are upgrading an existing wallet, you need to create a new address and send all your funds to that address.
Groestlcoin Eclair needs a synchronised, segwit-ready, zeromq-enabled, wallet-enabled, non-pruning, tx-indexing Groestlcoin Core node.
Groestlcoin Eclair will use any GRS it finds in the Groestlcoin Core wallet to fund any channels you choose to open. Eclair will return GRS from closed channels to this wallet.
You can configure your Groestlcoin Node to use either p2sh-segwit addresses or BECH32 addresses, Groestlcoin Eclair is compatible with both modes.

Changes

• Multipart payments
• Trampoline Routing Preview
This application is licensed under Apache. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to this app, no compensation will be given. Use this app solely at your own risk.
Groestlcoin Eclair is developed in Scala, a powerful functional language that runs on the JVM, and is packaged as a JAR (Java Archive) file. We provide 2 different packages, which internally use the same core libraries:

eclair-node (headless application that you can run on servers and desktops, and control from the command line)

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/eclaireleases/download/v0.3.3/eclair-node-0.3.3-6caf7b6.jar

eclair-node-gui (JavaFX GUI):

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/eclaireleases/download/v0.3.3/eclair-node-gui-0.3.3-6caf7b6.jar

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/eclai
Groestlcoin C-Lightning Updated to v0.8.2
C-lightning: A specification compliant Lightning Network implementation in C.
C-lightning is a lightweight, highly customisable and standard compliant implementation of the Lightning Network protocol.

Changes

• We now support gifting mgro to the peer when opening a channel, via push_msat, providing a brand new way to lose money!
• Preliminary support for plugins hooks which can replace the default groestlcoin-cli with other blockchain querying methods (API may change in future releases though!).
• listforwards now records the outgoing short_channel_id, even if it wasn't possible to start forwarding.
• Plugins can set additional feature bits, for more experimentation.
• More than one plugin can register for the htlc_accepted hook: others will become multi-user in future releases.
• Prevent a case where grossly unbalanced channels could become unusable.
• New config option --large-channels (also known as 'wumbo') which enables opening channels of any size. (Note that your peer must also support large channels.)
• This release includes a keysend plugin, which will enable receiving 'keysend' payments, as first introduced by Lightning Labs. Note that the included keysend plugin is receive only for this release. Nodes which do not want the hassle of spontaneous unrequested payments should add 'disable-plugin=keysend' to their config!
• We'll now announce multiple connection endpoints for a single 'type', e.g. multiple IPv4 addresses.
• Big performance improvement in the pay command (~1s speedup on average).
• c-lightning nodes can now participate in creating larger channels (with the --large-channel config option).
• We now wait until the first payment through a channel before updating the feerate; this should help with some spurious closures at channel open or re-connect that were occurring against older versions of other implementations.
• A new command getsharedsecret for getting the BOLT-compliant shared secret finding for a node and a point.
• Facilities for building rendezvous compatible onions has been added to the onion devtool.
• Plugin options will now respect the type they were given in the manifest.
• Fixes with plugin cleanups and hangs.
• Python2 has been removed as a dependence.

Install on Linux:

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning/blob/mastedoc/INSTALL.md#to-build-on-ubuntu

Install on OSX:

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning/blob/mastedoc/INSTALL.md#to-build-on-macos

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/lightning
Groestlcoin SparkWallet Updated to v0.2.14
Groestlcoin Spark Lightning Wallet Android: A minimalistic wallet GUI for c-lightning in Android.
Groestlcoin Spark is currently oriented for technically advanced users and is not an all-in-one package, but rather a "remote control" interface for a c-lightning node that has to be managed separately.

Changes

• Fix bug with missing channel reserve
• Fix channels view
• Detect if the "base directory" is provided and default to the Groestlcoin mainnet network subdirectory within in.
• Don't display unconfirmed onchain balance
• Fix: Some QR codes not read properly in the web QR scanner
• Fix: Resolve TLS issues with NodeJS 10
• Electron: Update to v8
• Fix bug in automatic credentials generation
• Fix Android crashes caused by plugin-local-notifications
• Cordova Android: Allow connecting to server in cleartext
This application is licensed under MIT. There is no warranty and no party shall be made liable to you for damages. If you lose coins due to this app, no compensation will be given. Use this app solely at your own risk.

Download from the Google Play Store

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.groestlcoin.spark

Download for OSX

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/releases/download/v0.2.14/groestlcoin-spark-0.2.14-mac.zip

Download for Windows

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/releases/download/v0.2.14/groestlcoin-spark-0.2.14-win-setup.exe

Download for Windows (Portable)

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/releases/download/v0.2.14/groestlcoin-spark-0.2.14-win-portable.exe

Download for Linux (AppImage Installer)

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/releases/download/v0.2.14/groestlcoin-spark-0.2.14-linux-x86\_64.AppImage

Download for Linux (Snap Installer)

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/releases/download/v0.2.14/groestlcoin-spark-0.2.14-linux-amd64.snap

Download for Linux (Deb Installer)

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/releases/download/v0.2.14/groestlcoin-spark-0.2.14-linux-amd64.deb

Source code

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/groestlcoin-spark/
submitted by Yokomoko_Saleen to groestlcoin [link] [comments]

Sex & The Failed Absolute — Reading Group "Introduction"

The Introduction To Sex & The Failed Absolute:
Primer, Introduction, Theorem 1 (part 1), Theorem 1 (Part 2), Corollary 1, Scholium 1.1/2/3, Theorem II (Part 1), Theorem II (Part 2), Theorem II (Parts 3 & 4), Corollary 2, Scholium 2.1/2/3/4, Judgment Derp, Theorem III (Part’s 1,2,3), Theorem III (Part’s 4,5,6), Corollary 3, Scholium 3, Theorem IV, Corollary 4:, Scholium 4, End of Reading Groups Synopsis
This post/reading group is really for those who have read the chapters already, or will do so as we go along. If you haven't, here it is, please try and read it before asking questions.
This is a long post (almost as long as the actual intro), but I wanted to ‘re-write’ the introduction of the book to see if I could make it clearer for less experienced readers, using my own simplified readings and additions as examples, so feel free to critique and add your own.
Žižek goes at it from the start: we have to think about sex, which he posits is “perhaps the most radical act of them all.”
His central criticism, and which he returns to at the end of the intro is:
1) When religion or any other belief in the absolute (anything that is ‘greater’ than our own private individual needs) fails, a profound sense of disconnection (alienation) follows and so the world goes for hedonism as an attempt to ‘reconnect’ through enjoyment. This goes with his often repeated criticism of the modern superego injunction to “Enjoy!”, and we feel this everyday: “Enjoy your family”, “Enjoy your time off”, “Enjoy reddit”, and a particular gripe of his “Don’t hold back on your feelings, get rid of your prohibitions and express how you really feel regardless of considerations for the civility of human relationships!” Arguably, even the injunction to “enjoy philosophy” is there, but philosophy is hard work and people don’t want to work, they want simple explanations and user friendly memes (Ouch – sorry, couldn’t resist it). Watch this video on creating a space for permission not to enjoy and note that he is not saying we must not enjoy, but we need to be able to not enjoy in important areas of life. This begs the question “What would it look like when religion is successful?” — permission not to enjoy? Active productivity towards a universal aim instead of seeking your own hedonistic/narcissistic pleasure?
This all has everything to do with sexuality, raised to the level of a new absolute — enjoy your eroticised identity of who you “really are” and find you perfect partner who will “complete” you so you can feel good, (find your reddit identity so other’s will love/admire you). “If only we could allow each other to be who we “really are”, all the problems in the world will be solved”. Žižek’s response is no!, you must censor yourself for the sake of human relationships. Why connect it with sexuality? Because, in my very simplistic reading, if we go with evolution, the whole shebang is geared towards the reproduction of the species. That’s teleological I know, so it would be more accurate to say “sex was the answer to the problem of death”. However, we represent a break from nature (arguably we are a symptom of a break in nature itself), in that, unlike animals, we have no instincts, and so all the energy that was geared towards reproduction doesn’t know what its supposed to do (“The falcon cannot hear the falconer” etc.). So sex/enjoyment (as an ideological category), without a ‘higher purpose’ (God etc.), becomes its own tautological end – enjoy for the sake of enjoyment.
2) “Because of the inconsistent nature of sexuality, its elevation into the new Absolute necessarily fails.” In example he isolates the problem of defining the universal category of “Woman” (not individual women). Philosophically it can’t be solved through new post-patriarchal definition (basically, because the position of the non-All will always escape an “All” encompassing identity), nor through the elevation of woman into an entity which resists symbolization, as this invites mythos and mysticism —think about how, without sexual instincts, sexualised energy without direction is free to roam where it likes, guided by the matrix of culture and capitalism — look at these Images and tell me you don’t see sex redirected towards ice-cream. In other words, the mystery of religious ecstasy is now the mystery consumerist ecstasy.
However, and this is the crux of the entire book and should be clear from the offset, THE WHOLE THING FAILS ON ALL FRONTS: Yin/Yang, “masculine/feminine principles”, “Oneness” of/with Being, “Touching the face of God” in the female orgasm, and this very failure is constitutive of human sexuality — without it, there would be no sexuality — and therefore the entire edifice of culture is built on and around this antagonism.
Most of the book is built on various attempts to formalise this reflexive movement – how the “Oneness” of the absolute turns back on itself, recoils etc. The key figures that represents this reflexivity are unorientable surfaces on which the up/down, left/right, forward/backwards of standard cartesian space goes arse over tit (notice especially that depth is a function of Cartesian space). Cartesian space is a transcendental category of perception (it is the precondition for ‘reality’ as it appears to us and serves as a big Other). If you stand on a Möbius strip, you will perceive two surfaces (Finite/Infinite, Quality/Quantity, Good/Bad, Being/Thought, Conscious/Unconscious, Subject/Object, Male/Female, Epistemology/Ontology), each as a ‘mirror’ of the other, but in experiential life, you can never stand back in an “objective” position to see how it is all “the same”, but not the same as in One, but as in an impossibility of totality (a Cartesian perspective) and the ability to orientate yourself towards it in any meaningful way at all. But you can represent (re-present) the nature of the antagonism itself using these unorientable surfaces which render the continuous passage of a concept into its opposite (e.g. the subject passes to the object via the inscription of the objet a — a kind of informed version of Fichte’s identity of subject and object).
The naïve notion of an “eternal struggle of opposites” cuts the Möbius strip and flattens it out creating the notion of an end point, and this marks much of dialectical materialism (and philosophy and spirituality for two thousand years). Think of the crude thesis, antithesis, and synthesis as yet another attempt at a ‘final resolution’ between ‘opposites’ i.e. the absolute as a final “One” that resolves this tension. He does lay out Stalin’s dialectical materialism as a new version of general ontology, which is different form the simple reading I gave above (see my comment below that outlines it), but dialectical materialism as Žižek defines it, is concerned with “such a convoluted space, and that it is this convolution, this self-relating circular movement of falling-back-into-oneself,”, in other words, repetition without final resolution, only historically contingent resolution until the conditions shift once again, e.g. each era develops a new ideological “universal” as a master signifier (“Evolution”, ”Scientism”, “Capitalism”, “Democracy” etc.) and declares it as the end of history, until everyone wakes up in the morning with a hangover wondering why the night before went so wrong.
He is careful to point out the negative history of the term DM, and then briefly dissociates this version from it, calling on the majority of science already for whom “reality is a dynamic process permanently in motion, a process in the course of which gradual contingent change culminates in sudden reversals and explosions of something new, etc.” and I think it is true, that the very best scientists stay at the experimental level, avoiding final conclusions and dubious notions of truth (e.g. Richard Feynman was big on accusing science of making unwarranted claims based on effectively master signifiers – “energy” for instance, as explaining everything when no one can say what energy actually is. Today’s version might be “information”).
To exemplify the difference further, he resurrects one of my favourites from way back in The Parallax View. In brief, if you close one eye, put your finger in front of your face and focus on it, then alternate between closing one eye, then the other back and forth, the relative position of the background shifts. Conventional scientism and DM1 thinks of the background as the truth, and all we have to do is remove the finger and open both eyes. DM2 says that the finger is inscribed into the object. Think of the finger as the (hidden) void of the subject transposed into the objet a, every time it shifts, so does the object in the background, and the two are literally (as in the letter of the real) inseparable. Any notion of the way things “actually are” disintegrates. But this also happens with the self-identity of the object — we desire it to be self-identical. I may not desire a watch lets say, but I desire it to be a distinct singular self-identical ‘thing’, but by naming it a watch, I have already inscribed into it one particular function as a unary trait. There is no consistent ‘watch’ in the real (in extremis, if you took the perspective of a neutrino, there are no ‘things’ at all).
To say that the object and the subject are inherently mediated is effectively to say they are mutually constitutive in the sense that one inevitably intervenes into the other — they are the “two” sides of the Möbius strip. In other words, when the perspective shifts, the actual ontological status of the object shifts in reality. Don’t forget, for Žižek, ontology falls on the side of language/the symbolic order. Think about how a kid hates the taste of beer, but because they want to be like the adults, they keep on plugging away at it until one day they actually do like it. There is no ‘objective’ reading of beer (that’s not to say there aren’t ‘dumb’ facts), nor is it entirely subjective and relative, the subject and the object are mediated and so as the subject’s perspectival point of experience shifts, so does the actual ontological status of the beer. There is the truth of the subject and in this way we can have two truths that contradict. Another example is how the epistemological frames of physics and biology see their object differently. A rose is alive for biology, it is ‘dead’ matter in physics. Its status shifts depending on the glasses you wear. This is the meaning of the glasses in the film They Live. Taking the glasses off is just a metaphor, all you can do is shift between one pair and another, between the glasses of physics and biology, or between the glasses of Capitalism and Marxism. If you like, one perspective objects to the other, and this is more what objectivity really is – exposing the truth of contradictions. After Kant and Hegel, there is no going back, no pretending you can take the glasses off, without them we would be exposed to the real and deadly jouissance.
So, when you think of the great debate of evolution, Žižek’s point is that there is nothing inherently wrong with the theory, only when you apply it as an absolute. Wearing glasses through which we see the world in evolutionary terms, results in us seeing reality in its Ontic ‘totality’ as an evolutionary process, HOWEVER, today’s cognitive sciences and evolutionary biology cannot account for the fact that in imagining a world prior to putting those glasses on, we still (inadvertently) look through the same glasses in positing the world as an object of scientific explanation. Apropos of this problem of putting on the glasses and not realising you’re wearing them, with the ‘objective’ scientific glasses, even when you imagine a time before putting them on, you’re still wearing them, because the very notion of a “time before” arises from the notion of time as objective (think of Meillassoux’s "ancestral" realm. It’s a bit like asking what happened before the big bang, it’s a nonsensical question.
In other words, these scientific views cannot account for their putting on of the glasses and prior to putting them on, the ontological state of the world is unspeakable (the Real). Likewise, our own transcendental-ontological glasses cannot explain the fact of external reality as an object of successful experimentation etc., all it sees are the conditions of possibility, without saying anything about real ‘dumb’ stupid material processes. “The scientific view of reality thus cannot really account for its own emergence—but, similarly, the transcendental-ontological approach cannot explain the fact of contingent external reality, so the gap between the two is irreducible.”
The only route to take is German Idealism. Using a metaphor from Hitchcock’s vertigo (which I will avoid), effectively Žižek is saying that when the transcendental turn (Kant to Hegel) happened, a pair of glasses were put on that saw that we were stuck with putting on glasses (the transcendental conditions of possibility) and can never take them off. The mistake of post-Hegelian development were moves like vulgar positivism etc., that claims all we can ever trust is empirical data in a naïve attempt to return to reality (as empirical ontology). Heidegger saw Hölderlin as the exception to this trend in declaring all we can do is tell ourselves stories about things instead, recognising they are stories (hence the danger of mythologizing woman as representative of the Real).
For us, on the contrary, all four great German idealists—Kant, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel—articulated this distance, i.e., they struggled with how to break out of the horizon of absolute subjectivity without regressing to pre-transcendental realism.
So after all that, what the fuck is materialism in “dialectical materialism”?. Right then, here we go. For me, the best way to see the problem of matter is, of all people, Noam Chomsky “any property can be considered material, if one defines matter such that it has that property”, meaning we don’t know what matter is, if we go looking for empirical qualities it doesn’t take us anywhere. Žižek’s answer is we need to think of materialism without matter “a purely formal materialism of waves, quanta, or whatever, which move in a dematerialized space.” In other words, we have to stop the idea that if we look deep enough, we will find the dirty truth of matter behind appearances, rather the truth lies in the collapse of appearances, the collapse of consistency. The answer is to look at the formal nature of appearances, the presentation of forms, how forms arise. As I said in the primer — reality itself is incomplete, like a computer game when you take the camera places you’re not supposed to go, you find an abyss behind appearances, a failure (e.g. on the quantum level in physics). So, it is not just that, due to subjective limitations, a human subject can never fully grasp reality in itself (very roughly speaking, the Kantian position). This epistemological limitation is possible only on the basis that reality, ontologically or in itself, is incomplete (very roughly, what Žižek does with the Hegelian move after Kant
True materialism always implies such a “disappearance” of matter in a network of formal relations.
and
So why call this materialism? Because (and here the notion of unorientables enters) this movement of “abstract” immaterial should be conceived as totally contingent, aleatoric, inorganic, purposeless, and in this sense non-spiritual.
In other words, there are no Laws here, no Big Other that tells what we think of as matter, what it is or what it is supposed to do, it is random chance that seems to make things happen sometimes, and not happen another, not a predetermined set of causes. Which means evolution is pure chance, and has nothing to do with inevitability and progress etc.
Materialism should be totally deprived of any sense of evolution, organic development, progressive orientation—the worst idealism is the one masked as evolutionary materialism, a vision of reality as an organic whole which gradually develops itself into more and more complex forms.
Why is this politically relevant? because the dominant ideological stance is of progress — the world is slowly becoming a safer place, we are becoming more and more civilised etc. That is what happens when you cut the Möbius strip and lay it out flat – the idea of progress towards the absolute at the end of the strip (peace on earth, food for all, even transhumanism etc.). But like the peace before the storm, Žižek insists that true dialectical analysis demands that we look for the turn on the loop that will “cut short the continuity of progress” (the light at the end of the tunnel is a train heading towards us). The whole point of fore fronting unorientables is that they are all surface, all appearances that twist and suddenly turn, any notion of depth is an effect of their convoluted space (that there is an ‘Other’ side where truth resides, for Žižek, truth is in the twist).
So, the book is an elaboration of the basic structures of unorientables broken down into four parts, each containing:
A Theorem (a philosophical thesis)
A Corollary - a proposition that follows from the thesis and brings out its consequences.
A series of scholia, explanatory comments which apply the basic thesis to a singular (and sometimes contingent) topic.
Wash, rinse and repeat:
Theorem I is a layout of the state of ontology now – all the ‘new’ ontologies, from Deleuzian vitality to Badiou’s multiplicity of being and Object Orientated Ontology, all of which are a panic response to the endless self-reflexive probing of deconstructivism and an attempt to return to a “positive vision of what reality is”. Meanwhile, he and Alenka Zupančič and others (I am glad he mentions her because she is crucial to his project and doesn’t get enough credit), hit them hard with the failure of each and every of these ontologies that “echoes the thwarted character of reality itself”. To put it in other terms, they all take the position of the master and need dethroning as quickly and precisely as possible. The section leaves open the question “Can we step behind this gap, to a more primordial dimension?”
Theorem II is the key moment of the book as it basically says yes: “one can step behind the parallax gap by way of redoubling it, by way of transposing it into the thing itself, and the terrain in which this redoubling takes place for us, humans, is that of sexuality—sexuality as our privileged contact with the Absolute.” Sexuality is basically a force of negativity that fucks everything up and it is this disruption of ‘orientable’ binaries (male/female etc.), reducing them to the “pure” difference of two apparent sides of the Möbius strip, that are in fact the same side that falls back into itself. He delves into Kant’s antinomies of pure reason and the dynamic and mathematical sublime. I would read [this piece by Joan Copjec] (https://b-ok.cc/book/685001/ceec86) if I were you (from pg.94 to 119), it was a seminal moment when Copjec connected Kant’s antinomies with Lacan’s formulas of sexuation and will help clarify Žižek’s less successful attempts at it.
Theorem III is getting really hardcore. He equates three unorientables with the triad of Hegel’s logic.
Möbius strip = the continuous passage of a concept into its opposite (being passes into nothingness, quantity into quality, etc.).
cross-cap = a cut into this continuity, and this cut makes the relationship between the two opposites that of reflection: with the cross-cap, pure difference enters the stage, the difference between appearance and essence, a thing and its properties, cause and its effects, etc.
Klein bottle = subjectivity enters: in it, the circle of reflexivity is brought to the Absolute, the cause becomes nothing but an effect of its effects, etc. (that’s why the Klein bottle cannot be rendered in three dimensional space).
Its worth fucking around on YouTube etc for videos about these shapes, how the cross-cap and the Klein bottle are derivations of the Möbius strip (e.g. here, here and some images here). Bear in mind that the Klein bottle cannot be represented properly in 3 dimensional space without introducing intersections that are not there, so imagine trying to run your finger over the surfaces and so how you return to the origin. This video of imaginary numbers fucks with my head in that if you extend the graphic (at about 2 min.50 secs in), it looks like it will become an unorientable surface if it keeps on going.
Theorem IV returns to the main theme “that of the persistence of abstraction (of radical negativity which cannot be “sublated” into a subordinated moment of concrete totality). We shouldn’t pass too quickly over these terms “concrete” and “abstraction”. Any Hegelians please chip in. They appear like binaries of representation and non-representation respectively, but are in fact two sides of the Möbius strip. To talk of “the population” is to evoke a concrete totality (of a nation, state etc.), but in doing so it creates a false impression of a whole (“The British population have spoken”), whereas it is in fact an abstraction as class division is omitted (only a portion have spoken, and those ‘portions’ themselves are internally divided). To talk of matter is to talk of a concentration of many determinations (as predicates) as if together they constitute a substantial thing called matter, whereas in fact inconsistency and the insubstantial are omitted. To talk of sex is to create a false impression of a universal totality (the human species is constituted of male and female), but sex turns out to be an abstraction inasmuch as it leaves out the non-relation. Each of these abstractions (the abstracted elements as non-representational e.g. “Woman”) are each a form of ‘excess’, and are the grounding of the concrete. He will explore how this is the same for reason, its ground is the excess of madness; the ethics of community is grounded in the excess of war; “stable relationships” are grounded in the excess of deadly sexual passion. He accuses of assemblage theory, or any other realist ontology, of not taking into account this negativity and its irreducible dimension of subjectivity.
Before confronting the basic ontological question that he mentioned before, that is to say, by redoubling the parallax gap, he wants to describe the gap, the “crack in the positive order of being, and of the way this crack is supplemented by the transcendental dimension” — I assume how fantasy arises. Then:
1), dealing with the actual move of redoubling the crack as our sole contact with the absolute and in the process explaining, with reference to Kant’s antinomies, why—for us, humans— the primordial form of this contact is sexual experience as an experience of failure.
2) Outlining the topological structures of the redoubling of the crack via progression from the Möbius strip, to the cross-cap and finally the Klein bottle.
3) Finally “the notion of inhuman subject which fits the impersonal assemblage of things and processes.”
Each of these will have their corollaries and then scholia mentioned before, which I won’t bother to list. You can read them on pg.10 onwards (the pdf has no pg. numbers, so it starts with “Each of the theorems is followed by a corollary”). But the very nice touch at the end is the statement:
A careful reader will notice how the structure of each of the book’s four parts echoes, reproduces even, the basic ontological matrix promoted by the book: a theorem stands for the universal genus, a universal axiom; its corollary stands for its species (following Hegel’s claim that, ultimately, every genus has only one species); this one species is in antagonism with its genus, there is imbalance between the genus and its species because there is no second species that would complement the first one so that the two would form a balanced Whole. This lack of the second species is then filled in by the multiplicity of contingent scholia.
He talks briefly about, effectively, how his project fails to produce a ‘positive-realist vision of the universe’, nor a positive idea that can be the centre of an act of emancipation, which is, actually, the mark of its success “this thwarted identity is my vision of the Real, it is the basic condition of our lives.” This is really a statement from the feminine position of the non-all, one which Zupančič somewhere recommends as preferable to the masculine option of attempting an all-encompassing totalising theory that can be turned into a master’s discourse.
Finally, and here’s his red flag: in our times, “the true enemy of the present book” is not competing theories (realist ontologies), but that our lives are centred around fifteen seconds of jouissance (that scrolling through reddit is – and so I doubt that more than a few have read this far). He centres on an idea that seemed to have come originally from this guy, namely Word Art —the kind of crap on McDonald’s walls with a picture and ‘words of wisdom’ that are a short-circuit to enjoyment, which takes us back to the beginning of the introduction: Enjoyment, enjoyment, en-fucking-joyment. Thinking is not enjoying, because thinking involves confronting antagonisms. Memes are much easier to deal with, right?
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A Complete Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List for Hackers & Security Professionals

A Complete Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List for Hackers & Security Professionals

penetration-testing-hacking-tools
Penetration testing & Hacking Tools are more often used by security industries to test the vulnerabilities in network and applications. Here you can find the Comprehensive Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list that covers Performing Penetration testing Operation in all the Environment. Penetration testing and ethical hacking tools are a very essential part of every organization to test the vulnerabilities and patch the vulnerable system.

Also, Read What is Penetration Testing? How to do Penetration Testing?

Penetration Testing & Hacking Tools List

Online Resources – Hacking Tools

Penetration Testing Resources

Exploit Development

OSINT Resources

Social Engineering Resources

Lock Picking Resources

Operating Systems

Hacking Tools

Penetration Testing Distributions

  • Kali – GNU/Linux distribution designed for digital forensics and penetration testing Hacking Tools
  • ArchStrike – Arch GNU/Linux repository for security professionals and enthusiasts.
  • BlackArch – Arch GNU/Linux-based distribution with best Hacking Tools for penetration testers and security researchers.
  • Network Security Toolkit (NST) – Fedora-based bootable live operating system designed to provide easy access to best-of-breed open source network security applications.
  • Pentoo – Security-focused live CD based on Gentoo.
  • BackBox – Ubuntu-based distribution for penetration tests and security assessments.
  • Parrot – Distribution similar to Kali, with multiple architectures with 100 of Hacking Tools.
  • Buscador – GNU/Linux virtual machine that is pre-configured for online investigators.
  • Fedora Security Lab – provides a safe test environment to work on security auditing, forensics, system rescue, and teaching security testing methodologies.
  • The Pentesters Framework – Distro organized around the Penetration Testing Execution Standard (PTES), providing a curated collection of utilities that eliminates often unused toolchains.
  • AttifyOS – GNU/Linux distribution focused on tools useful during the Internet of Things (IoT) security assessments.

Docker for Penetration Testing

Multi-paradigm Frameworks

  • Metasploit – post-exploitation Hacking Tools for offensive security teams to help verify vulnerabilities and manage security assessments.
  • Armitage – Java-based GUI front-end for the Metasploit Framework.
  • Faraday – Multiuser integrated pentesting environment for red teams performing cooperative penetration tests, security audits, and risk assessments.
  • ExploitPack – Graphical tool for automating penetration tests that ships with many pre-packaged exploits.
  • Pupy – Cross-platform (Windows, Linux, macOS, Android) remote administration and post-exploitation tool,

Vulnerability Scanners

  • Nexpose – Commercial vulnerability and risk management assessment engine that integrates with Metasploit, sold by Rapid7.
  • Nessus – Commercial vulnerability management, configuration, and compliance assessment platform, sold by Tenable.
  • OpenVAS – Free software implementation of the popular Nessus vulnerability assessment system.
  • Vuls – Agentless vulnerability scanner for GNU/Linux and FreeBSD, written in Go.

Static Analyzers

  • Brakeman – Static analysis security vulnerability scanner for Ruby on Rails applications.
  • cppcheck – Extensible C/C++ static analyzer focused on finding bugs.
  • FindBugs – Free software static analyzer to look for bugs in Java code.
  • sobelow – Security-focused static analysis for the Phoenix Framework.
  • bandit – Security oriented static analyzer for Python code.

Web Scanners

  • Nikto – Noisy but fast black box web server and web application vulnerability scanner.
  • Arachni – Scriptable framework for evaluating the security of web applications.
  • w3af – Hacking Tools for Web application attack and audit framework.
  • Wapiti – Black box web application vulnerability scanner with built-in fuzzer.
  • SecApps – In-browser web application security testing suite.
  • WebReaver – Commercial, graphical web application vulnerability scanner designed for macOS.
  • WPScan – Hacking Tools of the Black box WordPress vulnerability scanner.
  • cms-explorer – Reveal the specific modules, plugins, components and themes that various websites powered by content management systems are running.
  • joomscan – one of the best Hacking Tools for Joomla vulnerability scanner.
  • ACSTIS – Automated client-side template injection (sandbox escape/bypass) detection for AngularJS.

Network Tools

  • zmap – Open source network scanner that enables researchers to easily perform Internet-wide network studies.
  • nmap – Free security scanner for network exploration & security audits.
  • pig – one of the Hacking Tools forGNU/Linux packet crafting.
  • scanless – Utility for using websites to perform port scans on your behalf so as not to reveal your own IP.
  • tcpdump/libpcap – Common packet analyzer that runs under the command line.
  • Wireshark – Widely-used graphical, cross-platform network protocol analyzer.
  • Network-Tools.com – Website offering an interface to numerous basic network utilities like ping, traceroute, whois, and more.
  • netsniff-ng – Swiss army knife for network sniffing.
  • Intercepter-NG – Multifunctional network toolkit.
  • SPARTA – Graphical interface offering scriptable, configurable access to existing network infrastructure scanning and enumeration tools.
  • dnschef – Highly configurable DNS proxy for pentesters.
  • DNSDumpster – one of the Hacking Tools for Online DNS recon and search service.
  • CloudFail – Unmask server IP addresses hidden behind Cloudflare by searching old database records and detecting misconfigured DNS.
  • dnsenum – Perl script that enumerates DNS information from a domain, attempts zone transfers, performs a brute force dictionary style attack and then performs reverse look-ups on the results.
  • dnsmap – One of the Hacking Tools for Passive DNS network mapper.
  • dnsrecon – One of the Hacking Tools for DNS enumeration script.
  • dnstracer – Determines where a given DNS server gets its information from, and follows the chain of DNS servers.
  • passivedns-client – Library and query tool for querying several passive DNS providers.
  • passivedns – Network sniffer that logs all DNS server replies for use in a passive DNS setup.
  • Mass Scan – best Hacking Tools for TCP port scanner, spews SYN packets asynchronously, scanning the entire Internet in under 5 minutes.
  • Zarp – Network attack tool centered around the exploitation of local networks.
  • mitmproxy – Interactive TLS-capable intercepting HTTP proxy for penetration testers and software developers.
  • Morpheus – Automated ettercap TCP/IP Hacking Tools .
  • mallory – HTTP/HTTPS proxy over SSH.
  • SSH MITM – Intercept SSH connections with a proxy; all plaintext passwords and sessions are logged to disk.
  • Netzob – Reverse engineering, traffic generation and fuzzing of communication protocols.
  • DET – Proof of concept to perform data exfiltration using either single or multiple channel(s) at the same time.
  • pwnat – Punches holes in firewalls and NATs.
  • dsniff – Collection of tools for network auditing and pentesting.
  • tgcd – Simple Unix network utility to extend the accessibility of TCP/IP based network services beyond firewalls.
  • smbmap – Handy SMB enumeration tool.
  • scapy – Python-based interactive packet manipulation program & library.
  • Dshell – Network forensic analysis framework.
  • Debookee – Simple and powerful network traffic analyzer for macOS.
  • Dripcap – Caffeinated packet analyzer.
  • Printer Exploitation Toolkit (PRET) – Tool for printer security testing capable of IP and USB connectivity, fuzzing, and exploitation of PostScript, PJL, and PCL printer language features.
  • Praeda – Automated multi-function printer data harvester for gathering usable data during security assessments.
  • routersploit – Open source exploitation framework similar to Metasploit but dedicated to embedded devices.
  • evilgrade – Modular framework to take advantage of poor upgrade implementations by injecting fake updates.
  • XRay – Network (sub)domain discovery and reconnaissance automation tool.
  • Ettercap – Comprehensive, mature suite for machine-in-the-middle attacks.
  • BetterCAP – Modular, portable and easily extensible MITM framework.
  • CrackMapExec – A swiss army knife for pentesting networks.
  • impacket – A collection of Python classes for working with network protocols.

Wireless Network Hacking Tools

  • Aircrack-ng – Set of Penetration testing & Hacking Tools list for auditing wireless networks.
  • Kismet – Wireless network detector, sniffer, and IDS.
  • Reaver – Brute force attack against Wifi Protected Setup.
  • Wifite – Automated wireless attack tool.
  • Fluxion – Suite of automated social engineering-based WPA attacks.

Transport Layer Security Tools

  • SSLyze – Fast and comprehensive TLS/SSL configuration analyzer to help identify security misconfigurations.
  • tls_prober – Fingerprint a server’s SSL/TLS implementation.
  • testssl.sh – Command-line tool which checks a server’s service on any port for the support of TLS/SSL ciphers, protocols as well as some cryptographic flaws.

Web Exploitation

  • OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) – Feature-rich, scriptable HTTP intercepting proxy and fuzzer for penetration testing web applications.
  • Fiddler – Free cross-platform web debugging proxy with user-friendly companion tools.
  • Burp Suite – One of the Hacking Tools ntegrated platform for performing security testing of web applications.
  • autochrome – Easy to install a test browser with all the appropriate settings needed for web application testing with native Burp support, from NCCGroup.
  • Browser Exploitation Framework (BeEF) – Command and control server for delivering exploits to commandeered Web browsers.
  • Offensive Web Testing Framework (OWTF) – Python-based framework for pentesting Web applications based on the OWASP Testing Guide.
  • WordPress Exploit Framework – Ruby framework for developing and using modules which aid in the penetration testing of WordPress powered websites and systems.
  • WPSploit – Exploit WordPress-powered websites with Metasploit.
  • SQLmap – Automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • tplmap – Automatic server-side template injection and Web server takeover Hacking Tools.
  • weevely3 – Weaponized web shell.
  • Wappalyzer – Wappalyzer uncovers the technologies used on websites.
  • WhatWeb – Website fingerprinter.
  • BlindElephant – Web application fingerprinter.
  • wafw00f – Identifies and fingerprints Web Application Firewall (WAF) products.
  • fimap – Find, prepare, audit, exploit and even google automatically for LFI/RFI bugs.
  • Kadabra – Automatic LFI exploiter and scanner.
  • Kadimus – LFI scan and exploit tool.
  • liffy – LFI exploitation tool.
  • Commix – Automated all-in-one operating system command injection and exploitation tool.
  • DVCS Ripper – Rip web-accessible (distributed) version control systems: SVN/GIT/HG/BZR.
  • GitTools – One of the Hacking Tools that Automatically find and download Web-accessible .git repositories.
  • sslstrip –One of the Hacking Tools Demonstration of the HTTPS stripping attacks.
  • sslstrip2 – SSLStrip version to defeat HSTS.
  • NoSQLmap – Automatic NoSQL injection and database takeover tool.
  • VHostScan – A virtual host scanner that performs reverse lookups, can be used with pivot tools, detect catch-all scenarios, aliases, and dynamic default pages.
  • FuzzDB – Dictionary of attack patterns and primitives for black-box application fault injection and resource discovery.
  • EyeWitness – Tool to take screenshots of websites, provide some server header info, and identify default credentials if possible.
  • webscreenshot – A simple script to take screenshots of the list of websites.

Hex Editors

  • HexEdit.js – Browser-based hex editing.
  • Hexinator – World’s finest (proprietary, commercial) Hex Editor.
  • Frhed – Binary file editor for Windows.
  • 0xED – Native macOS hex editor that supports plug-ins to display custom data types.

File Format Analysis Tools

  • Kaitai Struct – File formats and network protocols dissection language and web IDE, generating parsers in C++, C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby.
  • Veles – Binary data visualization and analysis tool.
  • Hachoir – Python library to view and edit a binary stream as the tree of fields and tools for metadata extraction.

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